Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus (womb). The exact cause of its occurrence is not known. It may run in families.
Uterine fibroids are often described based upon their location within the uterus.
- Subserosal fibroids are located beneath the serosa (the lining membrane on the outside of the organ). These often appear localized on the outside surface of the uterus or may be attached to the outside surface by a pedicle.
- Submucosal (submucous) fibroids are located inside the uterine cavity beneath the lining of the uterus.
- Intramural fibroids are located within the muscular wall of the uterus.
- Abnormal menstrual bleeding
- pelvic pain
- pressure on the bladder with frequent or even obstructed urination, and pressure on the rectum with pain during defecation.
Overall, these tumors are fairly common and occur in up to 50% of all women. Most of the time, uterine fibroids do not cause symptoms or problems, and a woman with a fibroid is usually unaware of its presence.
Pelvic examination, USG, CT, MRI
Depends on the patients symptoms and need for future fertility
- Laparoscopic myomectomy with or without uterine artery occlusion
- Laparoscopic Hysterectomy